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 researchers in Management and Organization, Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), Psychology or Human Resources (HR). Together, they address the role and consequences of digital technology for work and workers at different levels of analysis. As I draw on these different literature streams throughout the dissertation, I sometimes use the terms of remote work, virtual work, distributed work and mobile knowledge work interchangeably. While mobile knowledge work is specific in its concern with mobility between places (Bosch-Sijtsema et al., 2010; Brown & O’Hara, 2003; Moores & Metykova, 2009), remote work, virtual work and distributed work are more focused on the distance to people and, or, places (O’Leary & Cummings, 2007; Raghuram et al., 2019). They are all captured under the umbrella term digital work.
So far, studies in Psychology and HR focus on the individual-level consequences of increasing mobility and remoteness of work, such as stress or job satisfaction, and their moderating and mediating roles for job performance (Anderson et al., 2015; Gajendran & Harrison, 2007; Hertel et al., 2005). CSCW scholars are more concerned with the meso-level changes, such as work practices (Büscher, 2013; Ciolfi & de Carvalho, 2014; Czarniawska, 2013; Erickson & Jarrahi, 2016) and Management and Organization scholars focus on topics such as autonomy, control or conflict (Barley et al., 2017; Hinds & Kiesler, 2002; Porter & van den Hooff, 2020). The physical structures and places underlying remote and mobile work have received growing attention to better understand their role in digital work. This increasing attention is reflected in integrative reviews bringing together the research from different fields (de Vaujany & Mitev, 2013; Taylor & Spicer, 2007; Weinfurtner & Seidl, 2019).
1.2 Spatiality of work
Despite pronounced changes in the physical setting of digital work, most of our management and social science literature about digital work does not take physical place into account. At the same time, the scattered research and fuzzy definitions of the various digital work phenomena hinder

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