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ideas) and idea implementation (transformation of abstract ideas into actions). I further investigate the moderating role of workplace flexibility on this link. I test our hypotheses in a survey study of 368 respondents at a Dutch construction company which had implemented open-plan office in combination with a workplace flexibility policy. As expected, transparency is positively associated with idea sharing, but transparency contributes to innovative work behavior only when workplace flexibility was low.
Building on these three studies, this doctoral dissertation emphasizes that our physical environment plays a more prominent role for digitally enabled work than is often assumed. This is because a place can hinder or support the workers' interactions to create and maintain the physical, social and digital aspects of a workplace. How the physical environment is perceived by the worker and how the worker interacts with the environment need to be accounted for when studying digital work. By answering my research question, I contribute to the broader conversation of understanding work in the digital age (Barley & Kunda, 2001; Colbert et al., 2016; Orlikowski, 2016).
In view of the most recent push towards digitalization of work by the covid-19 pandemic, I urge scholars and practitioners alike to not disregard the physical environment in favor of the digital environment. This dissertation may inform managers to make more deliberate choices about the where and the how of working, so that we can, ultimately achieve more flexibility and adaptability for workers and companies.

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