Page 101 - Second language development of newly arrived migrant kindergarteners - Frederike Groothoff
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Development of narrative ability 101 Table 5.4: Macrostructural Framework of the Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (Taken from Gagarina et al. 2012, p. 20, with two Additional Columns on the Right). Story      Structure elements Setting IST as initiating event Goal (G) Attempt (A) Outcome (O) IST as reaction Description Example Part of Structural Complexity Part of Internal State Terms x Reference to time and place (considered to be outside the episode itself; 2pts). An event or an internal state that sets the events of the story in motion (1pt.). A statement of an idea of the protagonist to deal with the initiating event (an indication of goal-directed planning) (1pt.). An indication of action to obtain the goal (1pt.). The event(s) following the attempt and causally linked to it (either one or several outcomes, either successful or not; 1pt.). A statement defining how the protagonist(s) feel or think about the outcome. It can also include an action resulting from an emotional response (1pt.). One day in the forest, there was a mother bird with three little babies. The baby birds were crying, and the mother bird saw that the babies were hungry. “Oh, my babies are so hungry”, said the mother bird and she decided to get some worms. The mother bird flew away to look for food. The mother bird came back with a big worm and the baby birds got some food. And the baby birds were so happy. x x x      x  Structural Complexity Structural Complexity pertains to whether the participants mentioned the Goal (G), the Attempt (A), and the Outcome (O) of an episode (Westby, 2012; Gagarina et al., 2012). Structural Complexity is thus part of Story Structure, but the ISTs are left out of this 

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